East German Shepherds GDR

East German Bloodline Info

At the end of WWII, in 1949, Germany became divided politically, socially and economically.  As of October 7, 1949 the DDR ( Deutsch Demokratik Republic) / East Germany was a fact and became isolated, and so to did its dogs.  These dogs began to follow a different path than the dogs of  west Germany.  East Germany and East Berlin remained under communist control until the historic events of 1989 and 1990, ending with the bringing down of the Berlin Wall and the final repatriation of East Germany.  Of particular interest to us is the history of the German shepherd dog in the DDR

 The SDG ( Sektion Dienst und Gebrauchhundewesen) was principally concerned with the registration and trialing of working dogs.  Breeding was designed to provide dogs for the military, police, border patrol and customs.  Breeding was aimed at producing temperament-filled dogs with strong character, good sharpness and drive.  They sought to breed only healthy, useable dogs with strong builds that were free of genetic problems. Under the SDG no dog received his / her registration papers until being evaluated as a young adult at the Nachwuchs Beurteiling before the age of one year.  The  owners of bitches had to appear for evaluation at these evaluations with all of her progeny from that litter.  

Dogs between one and two years old  were evaluated at the ZTP (Zucht Tauchlichkeits Pruefung).  Dogs over two years of age were evaluated at the Koerung.  At evaluations the Wertmessziffern system was used to rate individual dogs using a six digit system.  The first three digits dealt with the anatomy of the dog, while the last three digits related to the temperament and nervous system.


first digit

second digit

third digit

fourth digit

fifth digit

sixth digit

value

format, size, form

constitution

build, structure

temperament

sharpness

courage and hardness

0

typeless

fine, weak, fragile

sufficient angulation, poor structure or cryptorchid

nervous, anxious

none

 none

1

lacking substance

unbalanced structure / harmony, deficient sexual characteristics

poor angulation, weight, or chest fault

fearful, timid, noise-sensitive

none

none

2

fine

twisted teeth or loss of pigment

lacking fore or rear depth

overly sensitive, courage filled, able to be sharp

some

some

3

tall

faulty coat or weak foundation

normal angulation

suspicious, reserved, or aggressive

sufficient

sufficient

4

sufficiently strength

wry / twisted development

good angulation

aggressive, malicious, with pronounced hardness

good

good

5

average strength

noble and strong, harmonious and straight

excellent form, harmony, and straight movement

outgoing, well behaved, very hard when provoked

very good

very good

6

powerful

robust – strong / coarse

good, wide chest

outgoing, well behaved, hard when provoked

 very good

very good

7

deep framed

soft ligaments and joints

good, wide chest, long bodied

outgoing, well behaved, sensitive

 

 

8

heavy

spongy

over angulated

outgoing, well behaved, indifferent, little sharpness

 

 

9

large

bone malformation, rickety

over proportional – combination of 6 - 8

soft, tender, depressed, indifferent

 

 

Only dogs that passed rigorous evaluations were permitted to reproduce.  This information was organized according to sires and dams and published periodically as a tool for breeders.  This provided an exceptional tool for the improvement of the breed.  Mainly service dogs developed.  

We believe that the ideal dog would be one with a korung of 6654/55.  This would be a dog that was powerful, robust and substantial, with excellent conformation and lines.  The dog would be sharp and aggressive, exhibiting very good fight drive and hardness.

  • Cynology in the DDR can be traced predominantly through paternal bloodlines.  These bloodlines are:

5A:  This line descends from Alf v. Nordfelsen and is predominantly propagated by Don v. Rolandsteich and his descendants.  This line is known for producing good conformation and movement; but can produce pigment, temperament and HD.

11A:  This line originates from Rolf v. Osnabruecker Land and is continued predominantly through Bernd v. Lierberg and his descendants like Pushkass v. Haus Himpel and Olf v. Fuerstendamm.  This line produces good temperaments and angulation; but can produce long backs, and weak bones and heads.

11B:  This line descends from Ex v. Riedstern primarily through Cliff v. Bleichfleck.  This line produces good stability, pigment, heads, and expression.  The disadvantages of this line are testicle problems and apathy.

11C:  This line originates from V Ali vom Gränert,V Barry vom Andershofer Ufe,V Drusus vom Falkenwappen,V Geier vom Baruther Land,Bodo v Winkel, Casar v Rangental, Lars v Furstendamm, Seigo v Angerholz...
Grand vd Ziegelwiese, Boy v Hohenwarthereck, Henk vd Moschel

11D:  This line radiates from Ingo v. Rudingen leading to Held v. Ritterberg and Jeff v. Flaemings Sand through his sons Flint v. Steiglerhof, Birko v.d. Wolfshoehle, and most famous of all Lord v. Gleisdreieck.  This line is known for producing sable dogs with strong aggression, but pigment can be a problem within this line.

11E:  This line comes through 2x DDR seiger Condor v. Maderpfahl and radiates through Ohle v. Rundeck into the studs Fels v. Kemmlerblick and Zorro v. Laagerwall. This line like line 11D produces sable dogs with strong aggression, but pigment can be a problem within this line.

12:  This line today descends primarily from Golf v. Ritterberg and his brother Grand v. Ritterberg.  It is known for producing large typey heads and few testicle problems.  It can produce dogs that are not easy to handle and HD.

13A:  This line today persists primarily through the descendants Alf v. Koernersee.  This line produces dogs that are lively, with good temperaments and character and few coat or testicle problems.  Additionally they are intelligent, but can have large ears, teeth problems, and long backs.